Milliman today released the fourth quarter 2019 results of its Public Pension Funding Index (PPFI), which consists of the nation’s 100 largest public defined benefit pension plans. During Q4 2019, the overall funded ratio for these plans climbed from 72.7% to 74.9%, which as of December 31 marks the highest quarterly result in the history of the PPFI. Comparatively, at the end of 2018, the Milliman PPFI funded ratio was at 67.2%.
The 15.9% annualized investment returns we saw for these plans far exceeded expected assumptions for 2019. But given the recent stock market volatility, 2020 seems off to a tougher start. It remains to be seen whether the market reaction to the coronavirus (COVID-19) will be a repeat of 2018 (that is, a brief downturn and then robust recovery) or more of a prolonged recession such as we saw in 2009.
In aggregate, in Q4 2019 the PPFI plans experienced an investment return of 4.47%, with estimated returns ranging from 0.23% to 6.24%. The Milliman 100 PPFI asset value rose from $3.833 trillion at the end of Q3 2019 to a PPFI high of $3.979 trillion at the end of Q4 2019. Total pension liability continued to increase as well and stood at an estimated $5.313 trillion as of December 31, 2019. As a result, the PPFI deficit dropped to $1.334 trillion for the quarter. Twenty of the PPFI plans—or one-fifth—have reported funded ratios that are higher than 90%.
To view the Milliman 100 Public Pension Funding Index, click here.
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